Medication and surgical treatments are available, but treatment isn’t necessary in most cases. The result of the infection is usually a benign, mild skin disease characterized by lesions (growths) that may appear anywhere on the body. Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that causes a mild skin rash. They often have a pearly appearance. These include cryotherapy, curettage, laser therapy, and topical therapy: In some cases, these techniques can be painful and cause scarring. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe the following medications: If you’re pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, let your doctor know about your condition before taking these medications or any others. In adults, molluscum contagiosum tends to appear on the genitals, thighs a… Within 6-12 months, Molluscum contagiosum typically resolves without scarring but may take as long as 4 years. Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus that lives in the outer layer of your skin. If you or your child comes into contact with the M. contagiosum virus, you may not see symptoms of infection for up to six months. However, smallpox was declared to be eradicated in 1980 whereas molluscum contagiosum persists. Molluscum contagiosum in adults is often considered a sexually transmitted disease; however, the virus can be spread from any skin-to-skin contact. In most people, the lesions range from about the size of a pinhead to as large as a pencil eraser (2 to 5 millimeters in diameter). The bumps are usually smooth and shiny or pearly-looking, and may have an indented center.Infection is most common among kids between 1 and 12 years old, but also affects: 1. athletes who have close skin-to-skin contact, such as wre… Avoid sharing personal items. 353 Cases involving vertical transmission have been also described. So it’s possible to contract the virus by handling towels, clothing, toys, or other items that have been contaminated. Sharing sports equipment that someone’s bare skin has touched can also cause the transfer of this virus. Avoid sexual contact if you have bumps in the genital area. The length of time the virus lasts varies for each person, but the bumps can remain from two months to four years. The bumps appear more often on the face and are typically resistant to treatment. Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) is a DNA poxvirus that causes the human skin infection molluscum contagiosum. Physicians should familiarize themselves with this common condition. Spontaneous disappearance of lesions is the norm, but treatment by local destruction (curettage, cryotherapy, or trichloroacetic acid) or immunologic modulation can shorten … Once the lesions fade, the M. contagiosum virus is no longer present in your body. Molluscum contagiosum virus infection is a relatively common skin condition presenting in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. When this happens, you can’t spread the virus to others or to other parts of your body. Caused by a virus, molluscum contagiosum causes small bumps on … This includes items such as baseball gloves, wrestling mats, and football helmets. This is a common infection in children and occurs when a child comes into direct contact with a skin lesion or an object that has the virus on it. You may notice the appearance of a small group of painless lesions. These flesh-colored or pearly growths look somewhat like tiny pimples with a central crater. STDs and STIs affect many people, but many people with a penis don't know they've acquired a condition that's affecting their health. The virus that causes molluscum spreads from direct person-to-person physical contact and through contaminated fomites. It can cause a lot of discomfort and may even become a…. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Molluscum contagiosum also spreads through person-to-person contact and contact with infected objects.Though most common in children, molluscum … Read about gender specific symptoms, prevention and tests. Molluscum contagiosum is spread by direct contact with someone who has it or by touching an object contaminated with the virus, such as a towel or a piece of clothing. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Learn about some…, Itching, also known as ‘pruritus’ in the medical world, can be more than a small annoyance. You can get it during sexual contact, and it’s easily spread through non-sexual touching and by sharing clothes and towels, too. It produces benign raised bumps, or lesions, on the upper layers of your skin. Molluscum contagiosum virus itself is a poxvirus. If the bumps are scratched or injured, the infection can spread to surrounding skin. During curettage, the doctor pierces the bump and scrapes it off the skin with a small tool. Some conditions that cause skin rashes are very contagious. What is molluscum contagiosum? When you have a healthy immune system, the body will get rid of the virus. You can get molluscum contagiosum by touching the lesions on the skin of a person who has this infection. Skin lesions from HIV are a response to related immune function deficiencies. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection. Children can transmit the virus during normal play with other children. You can transfer the virus from one part of your body to another by touching, scratching, or shaving a bump and then touching another part of your body. The human digestive system is the means by which tissues and organs receive nutrients to function. Here are some at-home treatments parents can try. What is the long-term outlook for people with molluscum contagiosum? The result of the infection is usually a benign, mild skin disease characterized by lesions (growths) that may appear anywhere on the body. Around 9 out of 10 cases happen in children although it can occur at any age. Poxviruses are notorious for their ability to evade the host’s immune system by both acitve and passive mechanisms. It’s important to talk to your doctor before attempting any treatments for molluscum contagiosum. Once this happens, the skin will clear. Molluscum Contagiosum is caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) that primarily affects the skin. A waxy substance may come out of the bumps when they are squeezed. Teens and adults are more likely to contract it through sexual contact. Molluscum contagiosum is contagious, which means it can be easily spread to others. Home Remedies for Molluscum Contagiosum in Children, Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Information for Women, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, Is This Rash Contagious? Learn the risks. Since these methods involve treating each bump, a procedure may require more than one session. Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus that is a member of the poxvirus family. Individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, may get larger bumps. Those bumps may grow up to the size of a dime, or they may have groups of atypical bumps. Pronounced 'mo-LUS-kum kun-tay-jee-OH-sum', molluscum contagiosum, also referred to as molluscipoxvirus (MCV), and commonly known as water warts, is a contagious viral disease caused by the poxvirus that affects the skin.The term 'molluscus' (meaning soft-shelled) is derived from the word "mollis" in Latin which means soft. The Poxvirus is the foundation for many commonly known illnesses such as smallpox. These groups include: Because the skin bumps caused by molluscum contagiosum have a distinct appearance, your doctor often can diagnose the infection by merely looking at the affected area. Molluscum contagiosum is a mild skin disease (skin infection) caused by a virus (molluscum contagiosum virus, a member of the Poxviridae family) that causes usually painless small bumps or lumps (flesh-colored or skin-colored, dome-shaped papules); some may be umbilicated, meaning the lesion has a central depression with a spot in the middle that resembles a navel on the … Lesions may be as large as 15 millimeters in diameter, which is about the size of a dime. When do dermatologists recommend treating molluscum contagiosum? What is molluscum contagiosum? Within 6-12 months, Molluscum contagiosum typically resolves without scarring but may take as long as 4 years. These bumps range from the size of a pinhead to the size of a pencil eraser.1 They usually have a small dimple or pit in the middle. The lesions are rarely found on the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet. The system breaks down food, extracts nutrients…. 386,387 Cases involving vertical transmission have been also described. Who gets molluscum contagiosum? All rights reserved. Molluscum contagiosum eruptions are usually self-limited and without sequelae, although they can be more extensive in immunocompromised persons. Within 6-12 months, Molluscum contagiosum typically resolves without scarring but may take as long as 4 years. You can also become infected during contact sports that involve touching bare skin, such as wrestling or football. Molluscum contagiosum and warts are benign epidermal eruptions resulting from viral infections of the skin. cantharidin (Cantharone), which is obtained from the blister beetle and applied by your doctor. Instruct children in proper hand-washing techniques since they’re more likely to use touch in play and interaction with others. You may be a candidate for treatment if: The most effective treatments for molluscum contagiosum are performed by a doctor. Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection caused by the virus Molluscum contagiosum. The result of the infection is usually a benign, mild skin disease characterized by lesions (growths) that may appear anywhere on the body. The virus can be more difficult to treat if you have a weakened immune system. They may become itchy or sore, and occur singularly or in groups. During topical therapy, the doctor applies creams containing acids or chemicals to the bumps to induce peeling of the top layers of the skin. Transmission of the virus occurs by direct person-to-person contact or via contact with infected objects. The viral infection occurs as a result of the Poxvirus, an oval-shaped entity that has been found throughout the world for hundreds of years. However, for some, it may take from a few months up to a few years for the bumps to disappear. This includes people with a weak immune system. Since the eradication of smallpox, the only poxvirus that naturally infects humans is molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV). Your dermatologist may recommend letting this disease clear on its own rather than treating it. It’s usually unnecessary to treat molluscum contagiosum, but you should always have your doctor examine any skin lesions that last longer than a few days. It is passed from person to person. It is caused by a virus that can be passed on by skin contact or from contaminated towels, flannels, soft toys, etc. They’re usually: However, if you have a weakened immune system, you may have symptoms that are more significant. Successful treatment is more difficult for people with weakened immune systems than it is for those with healthy immune systems. Below is a summary of some of the key features of molluscum contagiosum. The lesions, known as Mollusca, are small, raised, and usually white, pink, or flesh-colored with a dimple or pit in the center. Anesthesia may also be necessary. The average incubation period is between two and seven weeks. The infection can be more persistent and last even longer for people with immune system problems. The first description of the molluscum contagiosum virus was made in 1814. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Antiretroviral therapy is the most effective treatment for people with HIV if they contract molluscum contagiosum because it can work to strengthen the immune system to fight the virus. It most often affects children, but adults with weakened immune systems can get it, too. New bumps may appear as the existing ones are treated. The molluscum contagiosum virus can spread through direct, physical contact with infected persons or inanimate objects. A confirmed diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum will rule out other causes for the lesions, such as skin cancer, chickenpox, or warts. Molluscum contagiosum virus infection is a relatively common skin condition in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. In most cases, if you have a healthy immune system, it won’t be necessary to treat the lesions caused by molluscum contagiosum. While typically painless, the lesions can be unsightly and embarrassing for those affected. It is more prevalent in warm climates than cool ones, and in overcrowded environments. How can molluscum contagiosum be prevented? Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection. Anyone can get molluscum contagiosum, but certain groups of people are more likely to become infected than others. Caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus, it produces clusters of lesions or bumps to appear on the skin. Transmission of the infection can be through direct skin-to-skin contact, through fomites, or during sexual activity. Epidemiology. Following these suggestions can also help you prevent the spread of the infection: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin condition in children. A molluscum contagiosum infection will usually go away on its own if your immune system is healthy. You’ll see more bumps only if you become infected again. The best way to prevent getting molluscum contagiosum is to avoid touching the skin of another person who has the infection. It is caused by a pox virus. Molluscum contagiosum is a virus infection of the skin. Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection caused by the virus Molluscum contagiosum. Papua New Guinea and organs receive nutrients to function systems can get molluscum contagiosum will rule out other for. Also cause the transfer of this virus frequent in certain areas like Zaire and Papua Guinea. 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